What is Hosting and domain: The Definitive Guide for your Success(2021)

what is hosting and a domain

What is Hosting and domain?  Scaling a business online or to start a blog or to make a website knowing what is hosting ,what is a domain, types of web hosting is an essential part to get started on your journey. It would help to lay the foundation before making a website to a hosting provider and attaching it with a domain. 

Web hosting is that the activity or service of providing space for storing to individuals or organization’s websites that are accessible via the World Wide Web. A domain is an address on the internet by which you can access your website.

“I don’t need a hard disk in my computer if I can get to the server faster… carrying around these non-connected computers is byzantine by comparison.”     

 – Steve Jobs, Co-founder, CEO and Chairman of Apple Inc.

What is Hosting?

Let’s start with a simple idea about what is hosting in layman’s term:

Hosting is like your office, where you maintain all the products. 
A domain is like the address of your office, knowing which your customers would visit.
Securing the website(Https using SSL)is like a security guard standing outside your office and guaranteeing safety.

Types of Web Hosting

Shared Hosting

In case of shared hosting your website would be hosted on a shared resource server, in a VM(Virtual Machine) where many people would build and deploy their websites. So there would be a tight resource availability.

For Shared Hosting, the cost to performance ratio is quite impressive. Hence, for beginners, it is highly recommended. People who want to start their blogging journey with a minimal cost should start with Shared Hosting.

Cloud Hosting

Cloud hosting utilizes on-demand availability of computing, storage in the cloud. User has no headache maintaining on-premise infrastructure and can scale resources as and when needed on the cloud. Its blazing performance at different geographic location, scalability, fault-tolerance and load balancing ability is phenomenal. It is remarkably good for startups and e-commerce websites, as there is full control over the resource. 

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We can control every part of it like RAM, CPU, SSD/HDD on our own, and can optimize the expense. Even when it comes to performance, it’s capability is excellent. 

The applications hosted on Cloud Hosting can scale very fast, and we can implement load balancer with it to handle traffic spikes like in Flash Sales. It is very suitable for hosting Microservice architecture applications. If you are just a beginner, we do not recommend using it as it is much expensive option compared to Shared Hosting. 

Anyone can invest in Cloud Hosting as it is having a high ROI(Return on Investment) on high traffic spike situation. Our website www.techbullish.com is hosted on Google Cloud Platform.  

VPS Hosting

VPS Hosting is a place where you get to fully use your allocated resource that you pay for and not sharing with others. In case of VPS Hosting maintaining security and software is to be done on your own. It has less flexibility if you suddenly need to upgrade resources to ensure high performance in Flash Sale. 

Dedicated Hosting

Dedicated Hosting, is essential for a company growing large and who would want to implement stiffer security and maintain all the data in a dedicated server. You would have to incur much cost and maintenance is a headache.

Web hosting is a huge industry which you can estimate by the number of search results that come for each search in Google. 

The web hosting process often initially seems to be like climbing mountains. It would be a piece of cake to create a website sooner or later. Think of your website as a real business which you are taking online. 

Web hosting sounds like something virtual, and you are probably never going to visit one of the data centres to see what is going on behind the closed doors. 

To make things easier, we will look at each function of the web hosting in 

the analogy of opening and running a real business. 

Just like when opening your new business, you’ll need name, location, staff, and merchandise. 

The same is true for starting a replacement website for which you will need the following:

  1. Domain name(name), 
  2. Web server (location),
  3. staff 
  4. merchandise (website content).

What is a Domain?

A domain is a registered location on the internet pointing to some VM using some DNS.

Choosing a domain name is like naming your business. It should be short, easy to pronounce so that customers or visitors do not forget your website.

what is a domain

Our recommendation is to experiment with the domain name by mentioning it in a call and see if the person on the other end can easily comprehend it only by listening once.

Choosing your domain registrar : 

There are several domain registrars available :

  1. Google Domain: It comes with privacy protection, 24/7 customer support, and ICANN fees included.
  2. GoDaddy
  3. Hostinger
  4. Hostgator
  5. Namecheap etc.

Server or web server is a virtual machine on the internet that serves requests to the computer that connects it. Here your website remains hosted. 

When an internet user wants to find your website, they would have to type your domain(website address) name into their browser’s search bar(like http://localhost/wordpress). 

Their browser will then load web pages from your server.

Most hosting providers have support for pre-purchased domains from other vendors, else you may buy from them if you do not have one. 

Choosing a domain:

Pick a .com name as .com domain would be the best as the majority of the Google search top results are .com domains. Also, people remember the .com domain better than other extensions. Its better to avoid free .ml, .ga, .tk extensions at any cost.
Pick a unique name to avoid naming your site similar to existing sites. 
Make it easy to type and pronounce as you don’t want your guests to feel challenging in finding your blog/e-commerce website.
Try to make it brandable your domain name will be your brand.
The shorter, the better it is.
Avoid brand names like Facebook, Google, WhatsApp, Instagram in your domain. 
No numbers and hyphens as they reduce trust on your website.

FAQ’s about What is Hosting and What is a Domain

Q1. Who should choose Shared Hosting?

A. A person beginner having just a single page website or a blog is good to start with shared hosting.

Q2. What should be the choice of an intermediate blogger or a e-commerce startup?

A. An e-commerce website needs scalability, fault tolerance, load balancing which is provided by cloud hosting.

Intermediate bloggers would like to scale up (drive more traffic) and to make the website load faster worldwide. For both, Cloud Hosting is the best option.

Q3. Which cloud hosting to choose from?

A. Enterprise Users: Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud Platform or Microsoft Azure.
Others: Siteground, Bluehost, Hostgator or Hostinger.
For our comparison and analysis on these hostings read here.

Q4. How can my online business get benefited from an internet hosting service?

A. Publishing your website online requires a reliable web hosting service provider. For that, hosting companies give business owners many premium web hosting services. 
For example, web hosting firms typically employ in-house technicians to form sure their clients’ websites are up and running 24/7. Plus, when website owners require help or troubleshooting (e.g. email unable to send/receive, name renewal, and more), the online host’s in-house support are the go-to people. 
A professional web hosting service ensures a hassle-free experience for business owners so that they can efficiently focus their time and energy on their businesses.

Q5. How can an internet hosting service help my online business?

A. Web hosting makes it possible for visitors to look at your website content once they type in your domain name. But an internet hosting service accomplishes far more than that. It can help to keep your site up and running smoothly 24/7 in their datacentre. 
This is the most important within the e-commerce websites that any glitch of the server due to downtime or non-scalability may cause you to lose not only sales but also customers. Your customers will leave your site after a negative experience and potentially less likely to come back.
Web hosting and domain hosting
Once you have purchased a domain, the source code and database need to be stored together in an online location(known as a webserver). Once the source code is uploaded to a hosting web server, the host is then liable for delivering the files to users.
We have mentioned that hosting makes a website available for people to visit from their browser, but how? Here comes the DNS(domain name system) which makes sure that the website browser connects to the right server IP address every time.

Q6.How Domain Names and Web Hosting are Related?

A. Hosting can be correlated to your shopping store, whereas a domain can be with your store’s address.

A user would use your domain name to reach your website whose pages or content would be served by the hosting web server.  

Q7. How does the domain name reaches the webserver’s IP address?

A. It’s simple. There is a domain name system(DNS) that acts like an address book which maps domain name and the host IP address in it. 
When the domain name sends a request to DNS, it helps to resolve the IP address of the server. Without domain names, it will not be possible for a user to be on your website and, without web hosting, you can’t build an internet site. 

Q8. Can I move my domain name to a special company?

A. Yes, of course. Once you register a domain name, you own the right to use it and transfer it to any registrar you would like.
You can switch your domain from one registrar to another easily.

Q9. Want to learn more?

A. mail us at [email protected].

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