Different Types of Keyboards (With Diagrams + Examples)


types of keyboard

Keyboards are the essential peripheral to be used as an input device with PC, Laptop, or even smart TVs and tablets. Keyboards are of different types as per the hardware of the keyboard.

Using keyboards, you can type on a PC, laptop, Smart Tv. So, in terms of input devices, the keyboard plays a vital role. There are different kinds of keyboards widely used worldwide, and I have created detailed information about them.

According to the build quality, usability, and many other factors like the type of build and more, there can be different types of keyboards. Though the primary purpose of a keyboard is the same, being an input device, different types of keyboards are still meant for different purposes.

So, before starting with keyboard types, let’s first know what an input device is!

What is an input device?

Input devices are computer peripherals that take input from users and send it to the computer. 

E.g., A keyboard takes input from the user and passes the information to the computer what the user typed.

Now, let’s move on to the different keyboard types available.

Types of Keyboards

Keyboards can be classified into several types:

Mechanical Keyboard

Mechanical Keyboards are keyboards with unique mechanical switches. It is constructed of individual switches that form the keys. 

Mechanical keyboards are durable and excellent in terms of the performance they provide.

Did you ever use a typewriter before? If you used it or seen it, the clicky feel of the keys is there in a mechanical keyboard which is similar to a typewriter.

image of mechanical keyboard

Membrane Keyboard

Membrane Keyboards are based on a membrane beneath the keys. All the impressions get registered in the circuit placed below the membrane.

Membrane keyboards are cost-effective options and are suitable for everyday use. Also, now good membrane keyboards are available that are also known as gaming keyboards.

Membrane keyboards are silent during typing. Still, they have a comparatively lower lifespan as compared to mechanical keyboards.

image of membrane-keyboard

Mecha-Membrane Keyboard

Razer designed Mecha-Membrane keyboard technology. This Mecha membrane technology for the keyboard combines the best mechanical and membrane keyboards in a single unit. 

Razer did this mechanical and membrane keyboard fusion design to remove the tradeoffs in each of the keyboards. The mecha membrane keyboard is fast, tactile, and produces less noise. 

mecha-membrane-keyboard
Image Source: Youtube

Rubber Dome Keyboard

Rubber Dome keyboards are based on rubber present beneath the keycaps layer. 

If you remove the keyboard switches, the membrane beneath the switches that recognizes your input is dome-shaped and made of rubber.

Rubber dome keyboards are suitable for general purposes and are a less expensive option for general usage.

rubber-dome
Internal Circuit showing rubber domes (Image Source: en:Image:ProjectionKeyboard.jpg, CC BY-SA 2.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0, via Wikimedia Commons )

Flexible Keyboard

A flexible keyboard emerged from the membrane keyboard. Still, the base being flexible, we can bend it in any way without issue.

Flexible keyboard
Image Source: The original uploader was Geographer at English Wikipedia., CC BY 2.5 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

Ergonomic Keyboard

Ergonomic Keyboards evolved to be the most User-friendly for long time usage. It works pretty effectively in managing the posture of your hands.

Without maintaining a good posture during typing or using a mouse may cause finger pain. Ergonomic keyboards solve a ton of problems related to pain in fingers, wrist pain, etc. 

Ergonomic-keyboard

RGB Gaming Keyboards

Semi Mechanical Keyboards have a mechanical feel though they have membrane bases. It gives the experience of a mechanical keyboard on a membrane type. This type of keyboard is created to give a mechanical feel keyboard at a reduced cost.

RGB-Gaming-keyboards

Based on the connectivity, keyboards can be :

Wired Keyboards

Wired Keyboards are keyboards that are connected to the PC or laptops using wires. 

Either they have a USB connector or PS2. These are nothing special and are very commonly found.

The wired keyboard is popular and widely used. The pro gamers like using a wired keyboard for participating in tournaments and not a wireless keyboard because the unmetered performance that a wired keyboard gives is unmatched.

You never worry about the battery getting drained out or any lags and glitches that may occur in Wireless keyboards. The wired keyboard has a speedy response time which is very much essential in FPS gaming. 

Due to this fast response time, the wired keyboard is preferred by professional gamers.

Cosmic Byte CB GK 12 Backlit Mechanical Keyboard

Wireless Keyboards

When is the keyboard doesn’t have the word cracked clatter and does not look bad in your workspace? It is very advanced, and they are helpful for everyday work. 

With well with keyboards, you can connect to different devices simultaneously, one after another. The wireless connections that the supports are 2.4 GHz connection and another is the Bluetooth connection.

wireless-keyboard

Multimedia Keyboards

The multimedia keyboard is a general full-sized keyboard but has multimedia playing buttons on the top. The multimedia functionality includes volume control(Up, Down and Mute), audio play and pause control, control to switch to the next or previous track.

The added multimedia controls in the keyboard provide quick navigation to the user.

Handheld Keyboards

So, what is a handheld keyboard? Handheld keyboards(a.k.a Portable keyboard) are a compact variant of keyboards designed to connect to wireless devices.

Vertical Keyboards

Vertical keyboards are generally split type keyboards where there are two parts of the keyboard. 

This type of keyboard is generally of two parts.

Vertical keyboards help us get the proper ergonomic position for our hands. These types of keyboards are better ergonomic designed.

Virtual Keyboards

What will keyboards be not like the other keyboards like wired keyboards or wireless keyboards which ideal form of keyboards?

Virtual keyboards add the keyboard-like feature present in touch devices like smartphones tablets.

 Even though on-screen keyboard views can also be called the virtual keyboard, so, for mobile and tablets, the default keyboard we use to type is the virtual keyboard.

Virtual keyboards are often more secure. Different banks also use virtual keyboards to enter login information. Also, you will find virtual keyboards coming from anti-virus brands. These are secure options for desktops.

For Eg: If you are checking this article from your phone, then the keyboard you used to search or type here is the virtual keyboard.

on-screen-virtual-keyboard

Projection Keyboards

We have seen projection to watch movies. We have seen some future movies that try to project screens on the table or desk and achieve to type or touch that and perform some action. Projects and keyboards are such types of keywords where a light beam strikes the surface, And the keyboard-like surface gets projected and finally.

Projection keyboards look advanced, being a type of keyboard for the future. Improvements are going on till we can have a good one.

Projection Keyboard

60% Keyboards

60% keyboard or a particular type of keyboard arrangement present in a mechanical keyboard where you can opt-out to remove some switches you don’t find essential. Here you get only 60% of the switches present in a full-sized keyboard.

For example, in 60% keyboard, you won’t find the number switch is present on the right side of the keyboard. 60% keyboard is trendy among mechanical keyboard users abroad as they like to set up the keyboard in arrears. It looks pretty clean in the workspace and is very good for programming.

60 percent keyboard

TKL Keyboards (TKL Keyboards)

The design factor names this type of keyboard as Tenkeyless or TKL keyboard. This type of keyboard does not have a dedicated numeric keypad that you see in full-sized keyboards. The numeric keys were from 0-9. Due to that, this type of keyboard layout is named a Tenkeyless keyboard.

The mechanical keyboard of the TKL type is preferred by office users, professionals, and those who can manage their work without the dedicated number keys on the right side of the keyboard. The Tenkeyless design looks cleaner and much better as compared to a full-sized keyboard.

Tenkeyless keyboards

Full-Sized Keyboards

A Full-size keyboard and generic types of the keyboard have 106 switches. 

You would get the functions: the alphabets, the controlling function, and the number keypad on the right site. 

The full-size keyboard is the general one that is commonly available in the market.

Full Sized Keyboards

Conclusion

This article was the complete coverage covering entire types of keyboards available with details of each. You can check the keyboards section in techbullish.com for more articles regarding keyboards. 

I hope you liked the post and got to know many different types of keyboards in detail.

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